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Eastern Ontario Mines

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66 mines and counting on map
found some good info and pictures here  
Hastings Co., Ontario, Canada

Mine                               Ounces Gold

Addington                        52,000
Cordova                           12,000
Ore Chimney                      5,200
Deloro                               1,500
Craig                                   600
Gilmour                                200
Sophia                                 120
Star of the East                     100
Ackerman                               80
Golden Fleece
Gatling 5 acre
Dean and Williams
Bobs Lake
Howard (Hill)
Victoria (2)
Big Dipper
Canadian Dyno
Evans, Alex
Blue Mountain
Perry Lake
Silver Crater
Rogers Fluospar
National Graphite
Genesse No 2
Welsh Corundum
Bow Lake
Bob Neil
Princess Sodalite

This report is based on a literature reviewcompleted in the spring of 1982. It encompasses16 gold deposits in three counties: Hastings,Frontenac, and Lennox and Addington, all in EasternOntario. All these deposits are Precambrian inage and are located in the Grenville subprovince.This review of Gold deposits in EasternOntario analyzes the likely scale and location ofany developments and suggests which propertiesappear to hold the most promise.

Gold Development Potential in Eastern Ontarioby P.W. Kingston^ and V.C. Papertzian2IntroductionGold was first discovered in Ontario at the RichardsonMine near Eldorado in 1866. This find was followed over thenext 30 years by the discovery of dozens of small prospects,as well as several larger deposits. The period of greatestactivity and production lasted from 1895 to 1908 duringwhich time 12 properties were in production. It was notuntil the mid 1930's that interest was revived, at whichtime Cominco Limited carried out extensive undergrounddevelopment at the Cordova and Addington mines, as well asdetailed and surface exploration on several other propertiesin the area. All production again ceased in 1939 and itwas not until the late 1970's that the great increase inthe price of gold stimulated, once again, interest in theseold properties.In this report we attempt briefly to analyse thepossible scale and location of any new developments and tosuggest which properties appear to hold the most promise.The accompanying pages and the table briefly summarizethe pertinent geology, development history, production,reserves, and development possibilities for the most significant gold properties in Eastern Ontario-

--Analysis of Mine Development PotentialOf the 16 properties considered in this study, 4 appearto hold some promise of renewed underground mining based onour present knowledge. Both the Cordova and Deloro mineswere large producersf .by local standards, for many years.In addition, the Addington and Ore Chimney Mines were extensively developed underground but had no history ofproduction.A) The Cordova Mine has underground workings on 10levels and the largest record of production of any mine inthe area. Only scant data are available on the extent ofundeveloped and/or un-mined ore zones. A cautious estimateof reserves by the authors based on plans and sections inSatterly (1943) is 100,000 tons grading 0.10 oz/ton Au.These reserves are divided among some 8-10 small oreshoots so that mining costs may prove to be high. Approximately half to two-thirds of the proven mineralized zoneshave been mined out by the previous operators. Rehabilitation of the extensive old workings to recover the manysmall remaining known ore shoots would be costly.B) The Deloro Mine operated from 1870 until finalclosing in 1903. The operation consisted of several companies working at least 4 properties along a 3500 foot longzone of parallel quartz veins. Underground workings areextensive (4500 feet of shafts and drifts). Between 1904and 1961 the site was used as a smelter and reduction plant,largely obliterating and burying the former mining operations. The present site is a wasteland of half-demolishedbuildings and slag heaps, and is a major source of arsenicpolution resulting from 50 years of arsenic trioxideproduction. The Ministry of Environment is operating anon-going and very costly site rehabilitation program andwater-treatment plant and is directly involved in siteclean-up and rehabilitation. It is probable that this

activity may preclude an effective exploration or developmentprogram for the foreseeable future.C) The Addington Mine was discovered in 1881 and wasthen known as the Golden Fleece Mine. First major developments from 1915-1922 produced bullion valued at 510,000.The property changed hands several times until ComincoLimited acquired it in 1935; this company carried out avery extensive development program, deepening the shaftto 525 feet and sinking a winze to the 775-foot level.Over 10,000 feet of lateral development on 7 levelsblocked out 200,000 tons of ore grading about 0.13 ozAu/ton (Harding, 1944). Cominco closed the mine in 1939and the property has remained unexplored until 1981 atwhich time E Se B Explorations Inc. of Vancouver, B.C.acquired the operating rights. In the summer of 1981E 8s B did 10,000 feet of drilling, largely exploring thenorthern parts of the vein system at depth.In the authors' opinionit is reasonable to conclude that reserves are at leastdoubled as a result of this program. E fc B ExplorationsInc. are carrying out an additional drilling program in1982. -Proven and possible reserves can thus be estimated atapproximately 400,000 tons grading about 0.13 oz Au/ton.The mineralized gold-bearing ore zone has a maximum widthof 35 feet. The ore shoots range from 150 to 500 feetin length and are traceable vertically over several levelsThe possibility of an economic mining operation is considered favourable because the underground workings arealready developed, because the ore shoots have good widthand fair continuity, and because there is at least areasonable chance of developing additional reserves.
 The Ore Chimney Mine (Bey Mine) was first developedbetween 1911 and 1926 by a shaft to 400 feet and a winze to500 feet. About 2700 feet of lateral development on sevenlevels outlined a continuous narrow (1-5 feet) quartz veincarrying gold and mixed sulphides (The Bey Mines Limited,1935). In 1932 the mine was dewatered and was resampledby Colin W. Campbell. The following is taken from hisreports of December 31, 1932, and March l, 1937 (ResidentGeologist's Commodity files). The ore shoot is continuousfrom 100 feet below surface to the deepest workings (500feet). Grade increases with depth, as does length andwidth. A deep drill hole in 1930 intersected 7 feet ofvein (3.25 feet true width) assaying 0.16 oz Au/ton, 7.8oz Ag/ton, S.2% Pb, and 1.9*X) Zn. The ore shoot is narrow(3.5 feet) but high in grade (Average 0.37 oz/ton Au forthe 500 foot level and the winze), however it will benecessary to outline considerably more ore than presentlyindicated before considering going into production. Exploration below the 500 foot level, and along the easternextensions of the vein below the 150 foot level wouldappear to be the most promising locations. Taken withthe waste rock pile on surface (11,000 tons @ 0.04 oz/tonAu estimated by the authors, May,*1980) ttiis propertydeserves further exploration.Analysis of Tailings Retreatment PotentialThere are only two sites in Eastern Ontario withsignificant reserves of gold-bearing tailings: these areDeloro and Cordova minesites.A) The Cordova Mine milled 120,670 tons of rock andthe resulting tailings must be on the property, althoughthe bulk of the tailings have not been located. Tailingsfrom Cominco Limited's operations on this property in the1930's (some 33,000 tons) have been identified in partand appear to contain recoverable quantities of gold.
-(Lasir Mines Inc. operated a test batch leach plant onthese tailings in 1981). Whether or not the bulk of thetailings are recoverable and can be profitably treated isunknown.B) The Deloro Mine milled 39,143 tons of gold ore inthe 1871-1903 period. The tailings are located in what isnow a swampy depression just west of the old Deloro plantsite. No data is available on the gold content of thesetailings.In addition to the above tailings from the early goldmines, the Deloro plant site also contains wastes from thetreatment of African, Moroccan, and Canadian cobalt oreconcentrates between 1940 and 1961. This processingyielded approximately 100,000 dry tons of ferrie hydroxidemud tailings now contained in a 20-acre pond. Fouranalyses of these tailings by Deloro Stellite, Limited,November, 1970 (in Resident Geologist's Files, Tweed,Ontario) show the following range:Ag0.8 - 3.7 oz/tonAs4.1 - 5.9ftCo0.2 - 4.1ftNi0.05 - Q.4%Cu0.35 - 1.35*Fe8.5 - 12.9ftPb 104 ppmZn 153 ppmAu traceRetreatment of these tailings in a local custom millmight well prove quite profitable, and at the same time helpto ameliorate environmental damage caused by thesetailings.
-Analysis of Waste Rock Milling PotentialThe sixteen properties described in this report containat least 100,000 tons of recoverable "waste" rock asestimated by the authors during field inspections ofthe properties. Most of this rock is true mine waste rockwith low gold content (0.01 - 0.04 oz Au/ton, estimatedby the authors, and based on Ontario Department of MinesAnnual Reports, and on the reports and files in theResident Geologist's office, Tweed, Ontario) but some ofit is "mill rock" stockpiled by previous operators whoeither lacked- a mill or who stockpiled the ore for otherreasons. In some cases such as the Cordova mine someportions of the rock piles assay up to 0.25 oz Au/ton(LaSir Mines Inc., personal communication). It isdoubtful if the whole 100,000 tons would average over 0.04oz Au/ton but since most of the rock is easily accessibleby truck on existing roads this may present an interestingoption to any custom mill operator in the area. Thetonnages of waste rock on the various properties are listedin Table 1.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Probable and Possible Recoverable Gold (All Sources)*MineOunces GoldAddington52,000Cordova12,000Ore Chimney5,200Deloro1,500 (?)Craig600 (?)Gilmour200 (?)Sophia120 (?)Star of the East100 (?)Ackerman80* These figures are very approximate and are compiledonly to give some idea of the relative importance of thevarious properties. "All Sources" includes rock in place,rock dumps, and tailings. These figures are derived fromthe data given in Table l, from files and records in theResident Geologist's office, Tweed, Ontario, and fromfield inspections by the authors.These figures, for which the Ontario Geological Surveyassumes no responsibility for accuracy, are speculative only
SummaryIn summary the following known gold processing ordevelopment opportunities exist in Eastern Ontario:Underground Ore In SituProven and Probable 211,000 tons @ 0.13 oz/ton AuPossible(200,000 C+) tons @ 0.13 oz/ton Au(130,000 tons @ 0.1 oz/ton AuGold TailingsProbable60,000 tons grade unknownPossible (not located)100,000 tons grade unknownFerrie Hydroxide Tailings (Deloro)Proven tonnage (dry) 100,000 tons low Au,0.8-3.7 oz/tonAg,*Cu,Co,Ni,etc.Waste RockProven tonnage100,000 * tons @ 0.02-0.04oz Au/tonThis analysis does not address the problem of ownershipor availability of these gold-bearing materials. In somecases establishing legal ownership may pose problems,while in others the economics of constructing access roadsmay nullify a resource.In addition, environmental problems, already-completed rehabilitation projects, and on-going remedialpollution-control measures may also make certain reservesunavailable.
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-11-Total probable and possible recoverable gold from thevarious properties is listed in Table 2. Work to datesuggests that at the Addington Gold Mine (Cominco/E St BExplorations Inc.) there may be in excess of 0.4 milliontons @ 0.13 oz/ton Au in the proven and possible categoriesover a strike length of 3500 feet and to a depth of 700feet. The ore zones have widths up to 20 feet and theore appears"to have no milling difficulties. A mill builton or near this property could readily treat ore and treatable waste rock from the Boerth, Ore Chimney, Star of theEast, and other prospects in the area. This locationwould however mean a 40-mile truck haul from Cordova anda 32-mile haul from Deloro.
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-12-1.NAME:BOERTH PROSPECTLOCATION:Clarendon Township, concession 7, lot 28ACCESS:The Boerth prospect can be reached bydriving east for two miles from Fernleigh on highway#506. One then turns north and drives approximatelyhalf a mile to Swaggers Lake. One then traverseshalf mile east of the lake to the prospect.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1898-1900 "Hattie B" shaft, inclined650SW sunk to 120 feet with 53 feet of drifting atthis level. "Uncle Sam Shaft" sunk to 35 feet; a tenstamp mill erected. 1952: 3 diamond drill holes to adepth of 547 feet. 1963-64: 47 diamond drill holestotalling 7,054 feet by Ganda Silver Mines Limited.GEOLOGY: Paragneiss interbanded with crystalline limestone is cut by steeply-dipping quartz veins containing arsenopyrite and tremolite. The quartz veins cutdiagonally across the paragneisses at an angle of 45to 60O. The veins do not persist in the marble.RESERVES (TONNAGE St GRADE) : Thirteen channel samples ofseven different veins up to 3 feet in width average0.67 ounces of gold per ton. In 1900, 13 ounces ofgold was produced from an unknown amount of ore. Noore reserves blocked out. Possible 500 tons wasterock.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: High-grade narrow quartz veins;no 0'''ore reserves known. Must be considered as a promising undeveloped prospect.REFERENCES:ODM, 1956, Vol. 65, Pt. 7, pp. 33, 34, 38, 39.OBM, 1900, Vol. 9, pp. 93, 94.OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2,pp.33,34.
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-13-2.NAME:ORE CHIMNEY PROSPECTLOCATION:Barrie Township, concession l,lots 34 to 36ACCESS:One mile west of highway #41 on a pavedsecondary road; (Harlowe road).DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1912-1926 the Ore Chimney MiningCompany sunk a 408 foot shaft. From the 400 footlevel a winze was sunk to the 525 foot level. Approximately 2,500 foot of lateral development was doneon six levels. A twenty stamp mill was installed.1932: Underground and surface diamond drilling bythe Bey Mines Limited. 1950-1951: Surface work byEastwebb Mines Limited. 1956-1957: 4,681 foot ofdiamond drilling (Cavalier Mining Corporation Limited. )GEOLOGY: Mafic metavolcanics, trending northeast anddipping vertically, contain, near the contact withconglomerate and quartzite, a gold quartz vein withassociated pyrite, galena, sphalerite, and chalcopyritemineralization.CURRENT EXPLORATION ACTIVITY: (1975-1982): Summer of1980 the shaft was partially cleared of debris andan attempt was made at dewatering by a New Yorkcompany: Cox International Mining Corporation.RESERVES (TONNAGE fc GRADE): Probable 11,000 tons gradingabout 0.2/ton Au and 5.6 oz/ton Ag in situ in underground workings. Possible additional 30,000 tonsgrading 0.1 oz/ton Au. Waste rock dump is estimatedat 11,000 tons grading 0.04 oz/ton Au and 2.2 oz/tonAg. No tailings.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: This property is a developed prospect , but the dimensions of the explored ore shoot aresmall. The rock dump might be economically processedat a nearby custom mill. .The ore zone deserves exploration at depth and to the east end of the vein;former operators intersected high grade mineralizationin the vein in a deep hole at 605 feet below surface.The owner of the property at present is Clyde Gayle.REFERENCES:ODM, 1942, Vol. 51, Pt. 4, pp. 42-44.OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2, p.33.
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-14-3.NAME:STAR OF THE EAST MINELOCATION:Barrie Township, concessions 9, 10,lots 25; 24, 25, 26ACCESS:Access is gained to the property bydriving north on highway #41, past Cloyne, Ontario.The second road to the east is then travelled forapproximately ,2i miles. The shaft is located justnorth of the road at this point.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1903-1907: Star of the East GoldMining and Milling Company sank a shaft to 213feet. Four levels were developed with drifting andcross cutting totalling about 250 and 325 feetrespectively. A ten stamp mill was installed.GEOLOGY: Two quartz veins are contained in dolomiticmarble approximately 200 feet south of mafic volcanics. The quartz veins are approximately 120 feetapart. Pyrite chalcopyrite and sparse scheeliteare also found with the gold.RESERVES (TONNAGE fc GRADE): Past production from 1905,1907 was 134 ounces from 976 tons of ore. The recovered grade was 0.14 ounces per ton. No knownreserves.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: Rock dump about 2500 tons, gradeunknown. Does not appear promising.REFERENCES:ODM, 1942, Vol. 51, Pt. 4, pp. 44-47.OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2,p. 33.
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-15-4.NAME:LOCATION:ACCESS:GOLDEN FLEECE (ADDINGTON MINE)Kaladar township, concession 6,lots 24 fc 25, W*By road 2 miles east of FlintonDEVELOPMENT HISTORY: Circa 1887-1913: Two shallow shaftssunk and a 10 stamp mill erected. 1915-1922: One ofthe original shafts continued to 60 feet. Shaft inclined 63OE and sunk to 100 feet. Drifting and crosscutting totalled 350 and 402 feet respectively. 1932:Sampled by C. N. Thompson. 1935-1939: Inclined shaftcontinued to 535 feet with additional levels at 168,254, 356 and 458 feet. Drifting and cross-cuttingtotalled 7,096 feet and 3,030 feet respectively. 8diamond drill holes totalling 2,393 feet were drilledalong with 68 under ground holes totalling 6,463 feet.GEOLOGY: Along a contact between metavolcanics and meta-sediments, an auriferous ore zone strikes for more than3,000 feet, dips approximately 70OE and has a maximumwidth of 35 feet. Arsenopyrite also occurs in the zoneOther minerals identified are ankerite, calcite,tremoline, pyrite, chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, andscheelite.CURRENT EXPLORATION ACTIVITY: (1975-1982): This propertyis now being drilled by E Se B Explorations Inc. Theyhave completed a 10,000 foot diamond drilling program(summer 1981).RESERVES (TONNAGE St GRADE): In 1919 and 1922, 65 ouncesof gold, 26 ounces of silver were produced. Reservesestimated by Cominco in 1936 at 200,000 grading 0.13oz/ton Au. Drilling by E St B Explorations Inc. is"promising" and has no doubt doubled the reserves.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: This property has large reserves(probable 400,000 tons grading 0.13 oz/ton Au) andhas mining widths of up to 20 feet. (Personal communication E Se B Exploration Inc. ) The owner isCominco Limited while the operator is E St B Explorations Inc.REFERENCES: OBM, 1902, Vol. II, p. 200.OBM, 1907, Vol. 16, Pt. l, p. 76.OBM, 1913, Vol. 22, Pt. l, p. 135.OBM, 1919, Vol. 28, Pt. l, p. 154, (Colbalt-Frontenac).ODM, 1939, Vol. 48, Pt. l, p. 98, (Addington Mine).ODM, 1940, Vol. 49, Pt. l, p. 103,(Addington Mine).ODM, 1942, Vol. 51, Pt. 4, pp.70-72,(Addington Mine).OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18,Pt.2,pp.37,38.
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-16-5.NAME:GILMOUR MINKLOCATION:Grimsthorpe Township,concession 19, lot 30, S&ACCESS:Approximately 5 miles east of Gilmour,no good road to property.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: Circa 1909: No. l shaft, 75 feetdeep, 210 feet of drifting, 5 stamp mill in operation.1909-1935: No. 4 shaft, inclined SO^NW, 260 feet deep;1,075 feet of drifting on 3 levels. 1935: 100 tonmill erected. 1936-1940: Shafts dewatered andallowed to refill. 1,200 feet of diamond drillingwork completed.GEOLOGY: Mafic volcanics are cut by veins with strikesranging from N60OE to N70OW and almost vertical dips.Some of the mafic volcanics are carbonatized.CURRENT EXPLORATION ACTIVITY: (1975-1982): Sampling,road construction (?) in 1981.RESERVES (TONNAGE fc GRADE): From 1909-1910, 172 ouncesof gold were produced from 550 tons of ore grading at0.31 ounces per ton. No known reserves. Waste rockprobably 5000 tons of unknown grade. Access difficult.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: Very little known about thisproperty. Possible waste rock suitable for custommilling.REFERENCES:OEM, 1909, Vol. 18, Pt. l, p. 133.ODM, 1936, Vol. 45, Pt. l, pp. 109, 110.ODM, 1939, Vol. 48, Pt. l, pp. 89, 90, (CataraquiGold Mines Limited).ODM, 1942, Vol. 51, Pt. 4, pp. 48, 49, (CataraquiGold Mines Limited).OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2, p.34.
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-17-6.NAME:CRAIG MINELOCATION:Tudor Township,concession 3, lots Si, 4 and 5ACCESS:Approximately 5 miles northeast ofBannockburn station. Access can be gained to theproperty by following highway #62 north to BannockburnThe first turn off, after Bannockburn, to the northeast is taken and is travelled for 2i miles untilreaching a "T" in the road. Then turn east, or rightfor a further i mile until reaching a "Y" in the road.Turn south or right and follow the road for 2 milesto another "Y". Then turn east, or right and travell mile before arriving at the abandoned mine site. Asof October 1981, the last 3 miles could only be travelled by motorcycle or all terrain vehicle.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1896: A 100 foot shaft sunk.1902-1907: 2 shafts sunk, one at 165 feet and anotherat 210 feet. 1934-1936: Shafts deepened to 200 and245 feet and work done on 3 levels.GEOLOGY: Massive mafic lava is cut by discontinuousquartz veins striking northwest. Vein material isexposed over 1,000 feet and ranges in width from afew inches to 6 feet.CURRENT EXPLORATION ACTIVITY: (1975-1982): A group ofindividuals from Bellf.ville, Ontario has recently(summer 1981) "oampled^all of the tailings pilesaround the mine site.RESERVES (TONNAGE b GRADE): In 1905 and 1906, 248 ouncesof gold were milled from 1,850 tons of ore. The recovered grade was 0.13 ounces of gold per ton. Reserves unknown; waste rock estimated at 10,000-15,000tons of unknown grade.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: Geological potential unknown;waste rock may have milling potential; fair road.REFERENCES:OEM, 1898, Vol. 7, p. 92.GSC, 1936, Memoir 192, p. 116.ODM, 1943, Vol. 52, Pt. 3, pp. 32 and 33.ODM, 1969, GR 67, pp. 63-65.OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2,p.37.
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-18-7.NAME:BANNOCKBURN PROSPECTLOCATION:Madoc Township, concession 5, lot 28ACCESS:This property can be reached by travellingto Bannockburn on highway #62. Before reaching thenorth end of the village, turn west on a gravel roadand continue for approximately i of a mile to theproperty.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1894: 4 shafts sunk to a depth of26, 30, 30 and 45 feet. 17 feet of drifting done froml of the shafts. Ten stamp mill in operation. 1897:The shaft on which the drifting had been done wasdeepened to 35 feet. A new 35 foot shaft was put downby Bannockburn Gold Mining Company Limited.GEOLOGY: A vein cuts the contact between a felsic intrusion and a schistose metasediment. The vein strikesN780E, dips vertically, and is up to 3 feet wide. Thevein has been stripped for a length of 700 feet. Agrab sample of vein material assayed at 0.17 ounces ofgold per ton. The vein is up to 3 feet wide and inplaces consists of 3 or more parallel veins.CURRENT EXPLORATION ACTIVITY: (1975-1982): A. D. Houstonhas done extensive trenching, geophysical surveys anddiamond drilling. Has diamond drilled 1500 feet ofcore. -At least $ 100,000. spent on exploration in1981; ongoing program planned.of} .RESERVES (TONNAGE St GRADE): In 1895 approximately 3.5ounces of gold was produced from an unknown amount ofore. No known reserves, waste rock less than 500 tonsof unknown grade.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: None of the core has been assayedat the time of writing. Therefore, it is difficultto assess this property at the moment; it must beconsidered as a prospect with no known reserves and nosignificant production history. The present owner ofthe property is A. D. Houston.REFERENCES:OEM, 1895, Vol. 5, pp. 264, 265.ODM, 1943, Vol. 52, Pt. 3, p. 32.ODM, 1968, GR 73, p. 21.OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2, p.34.
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-19-8.NAME:SOPHIA MINELOCATION:Madoc Township, concession 10, lots 14 St 15ACCESS: The old mine site can be reached by travellingapproximately 0.9 mile west from Queensborough alongcounty road #20. Traverse due north through the bushfor 3/8 of a mile to the old mine workings.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1897-1900: 3 shafts, 60, 105, 60feet deep, have lateral development totalling 98 feet.A ten stamp mill was installed 1901-1935: Shafts land 3 continued to 100 feet. 1936-1941: No. l shaftdeepened to 156 feet, 400 feet of lateral developmentdone; 2,950 feet of diamond drilling completed; anda 15 ton mill; installed.GEOLOGY: Hornblende and chloritic schists are cut bytwo veins. The "Free-Milling Vein" strikes northwestand is up to 5 feet wide, composed of massive quartz.The "Mispickel Vein" strikes north and is a narrowarsenopyrite vein containing some gold.RESERVES (TONNAGE ft GRADE): Between 1900 and 1941, 110ounces of gold and 7 ounces of silver were producedfrom 1800 tons of mill rock. The grade of gold produced was 0.06 oz. per ton. Probable 3,000 tons ofwaste rock of unknown grade. Reserves are unknown.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: Must be considered as a developedprospect with unknown reserves. The waste '"Vock mightbe trucked to a custom mill if grade is sufficientlyhigh. The owner of the Sophia Mine is Earl Sager ofMadoc, Ontario.REFERENCES:OEM, 1898, Vol. 7, Pt. l, pp. 92, 93.OBM, 1899, Vol. 8, Pt. l, p. 41.OBM, 1901, Vol.10, p. 117.OBM, 1913,Vol.22, Pt. 2, pp.Ill,112.ODM, 1937, Vol. 46, Pt. l, p. 186, (Old DiamondGold Mines Limited).ODM, 1940, Pt. l, p. 173, (Mayboro Milling Co. Ltd.).ODM, 1942, Vol. 51, Pt. l, pp. 160, 161, (MayboroMilling Co. Ltd.).ODM, 1968, GR. 73, p. 21.OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2,pp.34,35,
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-20-9.NAME:SOVEREIGN MINELOCATION:ACCESS:From Malone, Ontario, one drives half amile south on the Deloro Road, then turn east on agravel road and follow this for one-quarter mile tothe old mine workings.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1866-1878: work done by unrecordedoperators. Circa 1878: Pits and shallow shafts weredeveloped. 1890-1892: "The Mackenzie" or "A Shaft"was sunk to 65 feet. A ten stamp mill was constructed.Circa 1903: Reworking of old pits and openings bythe Sovereign Gold Mining and Development Corporationof Ontario Limited.GEOLOGY: Calcareous metasediments are intruded by felsicrocks. The latter are cut by north-striking veins ofirregular width, one of which dips 75OW and was tracedfor a distance of 1,400 feet.RESERVES (TONNAGE gc GRADE):GoldOre milledRecovered GradeYear(ounces)(tons)(ounce of Au per ton)1891-18923281,7000.191900422620.16Total3701,9620.19Reserves and quantity of waste rock are unknown; theproperty is extensively overgrown.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: Insufficient data available toassess the development possibilities of this property.The waste rock might prove of value if it is not tooscattered in the now-wooded area around the old workings.REFERENCES:ODM, 1936, Vol. 45, Pt. 2, p. 13.DEMR Ottawa, Mineral Development Sector Files,Powell.GSC, 1927, Economic Geology Series #4, pp. 105,106,(Cameron-Feigle Group).OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2, p.37.
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-21-10.NAME:DELORO MINELOCATION:Marmora Township, concessions 6, 8, 9,lot 10; 9; W*, 10 ft NE*, 8ACCESS:The Deloro Mine site can be reached bytravelling east of the Village of Deloro for 1/8 of amile on a gravel road.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1871-1896: 3 shafts sunk, Catling. #1 was sunk to 154 feet with 494 feet of drifting;The Tuttle #2 shaft was sunk to 70 feet with 172 feetof drifting; The Timber shaft was sunk to 70 feet.(1896-1903): Gatling shaft continued to 347 feet, and2 new levels were established. Tuttle shaft deepenedto 127 feet. Timber shaft deepened to 100 feet. Totaldrifting was 1,600 feet and cross cutting 780 feet.Eight other shafts were sunk to a depth of 517 feet and219 feet of drifting was done. A 20 stamp mill andworks for an arsenic recovery plant was constructed.GEOLOGY: Mafic rocks cut by felsic dykes, enclose quartzveins which are 100 to 1,000 feet long, l to 5 feetwide, dip 20O to 55O west and contain up to 10ftarsenopyrite. The most extensively worked were theGatling and the Tuttle veins. Gold is mostly associated with the arsenopyrite.RESERVES (TONNAGE 8c GRADE): 10,360 ounces of gold wasproduced from 39,143 tons of ore between 1897 and 1902.The average grade was 0.26 oz. per ton. Reserves unknown; waste piles cannot be identified because ofsubsequent smelter operation; tailings are buried undera swamp (volume and grade unknown).COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: At the moment, the Ministry ofEnvironment have operating control of the property, andno exploration has taken place because of this.Erickson Construction Company Limited is effectivelydormant and the extent of environmental remedialactivities to clean up arsenic pollution may effectivelypreclude gold exploration.In addition, this property has a ferrie hydroxidetailings pond containing 100,000 dry tons containingtrace Au, 0.8-3.7 oz/ton Ag, and large amounts ofCo, Ni, and Cu. This material certainly appears tohave good potential for retreatment. (Reid Crowtherand Partners Limited, A Remedial Clean Up Programfor the Deloro Site, A Consultant's Report for theOntario Ministry of Environment, November 1980).The present owner is Erickson Construction CompanyLimited of Ottawa, Ontario.
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-22-10. (continued)REFERENCES:GSC, 1927, Economic Geology Series #4, pp. 101-103.OEM, 1892, Vol. 2, p. 238.OBM, 1898, Vol. 7, pp. 90-92.OEM, 1899, Vol. 8, Pt. l, pp. 39, 40.OEM, 1900, Vol. 9, pp. 90, 91.OBM, 1901, Vol. 10, pp. 52, 115.OBM, 1904, Vol. 13, Pt. l, p. 18.ODM, 1936, Vol. 45, Pt. l, p. 13.OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2,p.35,36
Page 33
-23-11.NAME:GATLING FIVE ACRE MINELOCATION:Marmora Township, concession 9, lot 10ACCESS:The old mine site can be reached bytravelling east of the Village of Deloro for 1/8 ofa mile on a gravel road. By walking approximately2,000 feet north of the laboratory one arrives at thesite of the Gatling Five Acre shaft.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1899-1903: A shaft was sunk togreater than 200 feet with 3 levels. Drifting andcross cutting, amounting to 466 and 20 feet respectively were done on the continuation of the AirVein. A ten stamp mill was installed.GEOLOGY: Felsic and Mafic intrusions. The two veinson the property are auriferous, carry arsenopyriteand are continuations of the Gatling and Air Veinsat the Deloro Mine.RESERVES (TONNAGE St GRADE): In 1900, 1902, and 1903,2,353 ounces of gold were recovered from 6,114 tonsof ore. The average grade recovered was 0.38 oz. perton. Reserves unknown. Waste rock of some 2,000-3,000 tons of unknown grade is on the property.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: Part of the Deloro Mine. Thepresent owner is Erickson Construction Company Limitedfrom Ottawa, Ontario.REFERENCES:GSC, 1927, Economic Geology Series #4, p. 103 (Atlasor Five Acres).OBM, 1900, Vol. 9, pp. 91, 92 (The Atlas ArsenicCompany, Limited).OBM, 1903, Vol. 12, p. 110 (The Atlas ArsenicCompany, Limited).OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2, p.36.
:PEARCE MINELOCATION:Marmora Township,concession 8, lot #i, 8ACCESS:The shaft area can be reached by travelling east of the Village of Deloro for 1/8 of a mileon a gravel road. By walking approximately i of a milesoutheast of the Deloro Mill, one reaches the site ofthe Pearce shaft.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: Circa 1893: Shaft sunk to 90 feetwith l level at 42 feet. Circa 1901: Possibly anew shaft was sunk to a depth of 165 feet. 2 levelswere established and 240 feet of drifting was done.Circa 1904: Some work done by the Cleveland MiningCompany Limited. Circa 1907: Shaft deepened to 173feet and 40 feet of drifting done. 1936: 70 feet ofshaft sinking and 86 feet of lateral development byCentaur Mining Company Limited.GEOLOGY: A felsic intrusion encloses a l to 8 foot widequartz vein which dips 25O - 40O southwest and containsgold and arsenopyrite.RESERVES (TONNAGE 8c GRADE): 1893 and 1908: 302 ounces ofgold and 60 ounces of silver were milled from 239 tonsof- ore. The average grade was 1.26 ounces of gold perton. Reserves unknown; waste rock volume unknown.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: Part of the Deloro Mine. "The present owner is Erickson Construction Company Limitedfrom Ottawa, Ontario.REFERENCES:GSC, 1927, Economic Geology Series #4, p. 103, (Pearceor Severn).GSC, 1936, Memoir 192, pp. 118, 119, (Pearce or SevernMines).OBM, 1893, Vol. 3, p. 53, (The Pearce Mine).ODM, 1937, Vol. 46, Pt. l, p. Ill, (Centaur MiningCompany Limited).OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2,pp. 36, 37.
Page 35
-25-13.NAME:COOK MINELOCATION:Marmora Township, concessions 9 St 10,lots 7 to 9, and 10 to 12*ACCESS:The shaft area can be reached by travelling east of the Village of Deloro for 1/8 of a mileon a gravel road. By walking approximately i of amile east of the Deloro Mine one should reach theshaft area of the Cook Mine.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1901-1902: Shaft no. l inclined250S and sunk to 179 feet with 2 levels and 55 feetof drifting completed. Shaft no. 4 was sunk 120 feetwith 2 levels. An old stamp mill at another mineclose by was renovated.GEOLOGY: Dioritic masses contain quartz-carbonate veinsranging from l to 6 feet in width. Arsenopyrite,pyrite and chalcopyrite are found along with the gold.RESERVES (TONNAGE fc GRADE): 389 ounces of gold wereproduced from 1,483 tons of ore from 1901, 1902 and1904. The recovered grade was 0.26 ounces of goldper ton. Reserves are unknown.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: Geological potential unknown. Theowner of the property is Erickson Construction CompanyLimited from Ottawa, Ontario.REFERENCES':OEM, 1902, Vol. 11, pp. 102, 103, 234.OEM, 1903, Vol. 12, pp. 110, 111.OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2, p. 35
Page 36
-26-14.NAME:DEAN fc WILLIAMS MINELOCATION:Marmora Township, concession 9, lot 7ACCESS:The shaft can be reached by travellingeast of the Village of Deloro for 1/8 of a mile ona gravel road. By walking approximately 4,000 feetsouth of this point, the shaft can be reached.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1870: Pitting and a 160 foot shaftput down. A 10 stamp mill was erected.GEOLOGY: Felsic rocks contain quartz lenses which strikeN25OW and dip 45OE. Associated Minerals are pyrite,chalcopyrite, and arsenopyrite.RESERVES (TONNAGE St GRADE): In 1870, 500 ounces of goldwere produced from 1,000 tons of ore. The averagegrade was 0.5 ounces of gold per ton. Reserves unknownCOMMENT ON PROSPECTS: Insufficient data; unlikely tohave any waste rock or tailings available. The presentowner of the property is Erickson Construction CompanyLimited from Ottawa, Ontario.REFERENCES:GSC, 1927, Economic Geology Series #4, p. 104.GSC, 1936, Memoir 192, p. 116, (Cook Mine).OEM, 1902, Vol. 11, p. 103, (Cook Property).ODM, 1936, VoJ, 45, Pt. l, p. 13 (Cook Mine).OGS, 1^79, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2, p. 35.
Page 37
-27-15.NAME:ACKERMAN MINELOCATION:Marmora Township, concession 8,lots 6. to 8AACCESS:Approximately 2 miles east of theVillage of Marmora, adjacent to highway #7.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: Circa 1938: Ackerman Gold MinesLimited sank a 270 foot shaft at a 45O incline. 600feet of drifting was done at the 170 foot level.Circa 1951: 3,200 feet of diamond drilling wascompleted.GEOLOGY: Quartz veins in metasediments and meta-volcanics at the contact with the Deloro Granite.CURRENT EXPLORATION ACTIVITY: (1975-1982): Shaftbulldozed full of waste rock and waste rock pileslevelled.RESERVES (TONNAGE fe GRADE): Surface sampling of l veinyielded 0.32 oz. Au/ton over a length of 150 feetand a width of 5.6 feet. Reserves and grade unknown;waste rock estimated at 2,000 tons.COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: Favourable geology but must beregarded as a prospect. Waste rock might proveeconomically interesting; good access.REFERENCES:Canadian Mines Handbook, 1951, p. 211.ODM, 1939, Vol. 48, Pt. l, p. 72.OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2, p.44
Page 38
-28-16.NAME:CORDOVA MINELOCATION:Belmont Township, concession l,lot E,*, 20*ACCESS:The Cordova Mine can be reached bytravelling northwest on the Cordova Mine road fromMarmora. The mine site is adjacent to the townsiteof Cordova Mines.DEVELOPMENT HISTORY: 1891-1892: Three shallow shaftswere put in. 1898-1902: The 3 original shafts weredeepened and 5 additional shallow shafts were sunk,80 to 100 feet deep. A ten stamp mill was put inoperation. Circa 1912: No. 3 shaft deepened and a30 stamp mill was put in operation. 1935-1939:Comincodeepened No. 3 shaft to 1,050 feet. 13 undergrounddiamond drill holes totalled 6,850 feet. A 125 tonmill was erected. 1965: Diamond drilling and sampling of tailings dump.GEOLOGY: Shear zones, approximately 6 feet wide occurnear the western margin of a mafic intrusion. Theenclosed ore bodies have an average dip of approximately 65OS. Native gold is not visible and isprobably confined to pyrite. Some pyrrhotite occurs.To the west and north, marble, paragneiss, conglomerate and altered volcanic rocks are exposed. Secondary minerals include carbonate, chlorite, serpentine, sericite, quartz and apatite. Many of the orebodies close to the No. l shaft occur at or near 'bheintersection of 2 shear zones. They also occur wherethere is contortion and variation in the shearingwithin the shear zones.CURRENT EXPLORATION ACTIVITY: (1975-1982): LaSir GoldIncorporated has been conducting in situ leach experiments 1979-81. Company plans underground exploration 1982.RESERVES (TONNAGE fc GRADE):YearGold Silver Ore Milled Recovered(Oz)(Oz)(Tons)Grade1892-1893)1898-1903)1912-1915, 1917) 22,774687120,670 0.19 (oz) Au1939-1940)per tonReserves unknown but LaSir estimates 100,000 tonsgrade unknown.
 (continued)COMMENT ON PROSPECTS: Waste rock estimated at 30,000tons of low grade material; location of tailings isunknown. Possible -tonnage of broken mill rock instopes. The preserit owner of the property is LaSirGold Incorporated from Vancouver, B.C.REFERENCES:Canadian Mines Handbook, 1965, p. 244 (Orvana MinesLimited).OBM, 1891, Vol. l, p. 224 (Belmont Mine).OBM, 1903, Vol. 12, pp. Ill, 112 (Belmont Mine).ODM, 1940, Vol. 49, Pt. l, p. 104.ODM, 1943, Vol. 52, Pt. 2, pp. 36-40.OGS, 1979, Mineral Deposits Circular #18, Pt. 2, p.38

Ontario Mines and Minerals 
Listed are some of the areas Mines, skarns and roadcuts, collecting sites and minerals associated with each occurance.

A list of commodities that have been mined in the past include: corundum, feldspar, uranium, graphite, iron, nepheline syenite, mica, marble, granite, lead, gold, molybdenite, apatite, beryl, fluorite, tale & sodalite.

Mining in most cases, was carried out on a limited scale, between 1880 and 1935, and was largely confined to open cuts and small quarries

Directions and more information on where these mines are located can be found by contacting local area mineral and rock shops.

Gutz Farm Corundum:
Brudnell Township
corundum, allanite, natrolite, hydro-nephelite, sodalite, cancrinite

Dwyer Fluorite Mine
Cardiff Township
apatite, calcite, feldspar, fluorite, hornblende, zircon.

Burgess Corundum:
Carlow Township
Corundum crystals, scapolite, magnetite, hornblende, biotite, muscovite, pyrite, titanite, chlorite, rutile and zircon.

Grace Lake Roadcut:
Dudley Township
Tremolite/actinolite, diopside, pholopite, calcite, hornblende,molybdenite, quartz, pyrite

Cancrinite Hill:
Dungannon Township
Cancrinite, sodalite, apatite, molybdenite, magenite, tourmaline.

Davis Hill:
Dungannon Township
Biotite, nepheline, apatite, calcite, magnetite, sodalite

Davis Quarry:
Dungannon Township
Sodalite, hackmanite, zircon, apatite, biotite, calcite, muscovite, uraninite.

Egan Chute:
Dungannon Township
corundum, sodalite, nepheline, calcite, pyrite, cancrinite, albite (feldspar), biotite, tourmaline and scapolite.

Goulding-Keene Quarry:
Dungannon Township
Nepheline, biotite, albite, apatite, calcite, cancrinite, graphite, scapolite, natrolite, zircons, pyrite, hydronephelite, sodalite

Lily Robertson:
Dungannon Township
corundum, scapolite, sodalite, spinel, tourmaline, magnetite and molybdenite.

Morrison Quarry:
Dungannon Township
sodalite, nepheline, hackmanite, cancrinite, zircon, tourmaline and biotite.

Upper Turriff Garnet:
Dungannon Township

York River Skarn:
Dungannon Township
Garnet, vesuvianite, calcite, cancrinite, scapolite, zicon.

Princess Sodalite Mine:
Dungannon Township
Rock Farm Collecting.The Princess Sodalite Mine is highly regarded by mineral collectors as an important stop on their mineral expedition . In addition to sodalite, the Rock Shop has an extensive selection of local and world wide mineral specimens, fossils, carvings, rock crafts and jewellery.

Faraday Hill Roadcut:
Faraday Township
Tremolite-actinolite, apatite, calcite, molybdenite, pyrite, uraninite.

Silver Crater Mine:
Faraday Township
Betafite, biotite, apatite, cacite, feldspar, hornblende, magnetite

Baptiste Lake North Occurences:
Herschel Township
quartz, apatite, feldspar, augite, titanite, scapolite, actinolite

Bower's Point Roadcut:
Herschel Township
Augite, calcite, scapolit, titanite, zircon

Diamond Lake Roadcut:
Herschel Township
Feldspar, hornblende, mica, pyroxene, scapolite, titanite.

Warwickite Occurrence:
Herschel Township
warwickite, anatase, apatite, chondrolite, clinoamphibole, flourite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, scapolite, serpentine, sinhalite, spinel, tourmaline

Bessemer Mine:
Mayo Township
Magnetite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, amphibole, calcite, epidote, garnet.

Graphite Roadcut:
Monteagle Township
Actinolite, diopside, albite, feldspar, quartz, phlogopite mica

Macdonald Mine:
Monteagle Township
Feldspar, peristerite, quartz, graphic granite, allanite, pyrite, crylotite zircon, uranopyochlore, fluorite, magnetite, ilmenite, scapolite, pyrrhotite,chalcopyrite and galena

Musclow Occurance:
Monteagle Township
Smoky quartz, augite, calcite, hematite, druzy quartz, scapolite, feldspar, pyroxene and apatite crystals

Quirk Lake:
Monteagle Township
druzy quartz, augite, albite, apatite, mica and hematite crystals, calcite.

American Molybdenite Mine:
Monmouth Township
apatite,molybdenite, pryroxene, titanate

Desmont Mine:
Monmouth Township
Clinopyroxene, amphibole, ancylite, apatite, clondrodite, garnet, hydroxylbastnaesite, molybdenite, monazite, pyrite, quartz, scapolite, serpentine, stillwellite, titanite, tourmaline, uranothorite

Canadian All Metals Mine:
Monmouth Township
apatite, betafite, orange calcite, datolite, diopside, graphite, magnetite mica, pyrite, quartz, serpentine, thorianite, tourmaline, talc, uraninite, pink zircon

Essonville Roadcut:
Monmouth Township
Flourorichterite, phlogopite, diopside, calcite

Miller Apatite Mine:
Monmouth Township
apatite, biotite, calcite, feldspar, horneblende, mica, pyrite, serpentine, sphene, titanate.

Rare Earth Mine No. 1:
Monmouth Township
allanite, corundum, graphite, molybdenite, uraninite, uranothorite, zircon, pyrite, scapolite, titanate, ruranianitae, uranthote.

Rare Earth Mine No. 2:
Monmouth Township
allanite, titanate, urainite, uranthorite, zircon

Saranac Mine:
Monmouth Township
Zircon, thorite, allanite, calcite, goethite, graphite, scapolite, titanite.

Virginia (Wilberforce) Graphite Mine:
Monmouth Township
goethite, graphite, mica, scapolite, serpentine, brown titanate, tourmaline.

Wilberforce Molybdenite Mine:
Monmouth Township
apatite, calcite, diopside, mica, molybdenite

Howland Iron Mine:
Snowden Township
calcite, hematite, hornblende, magnetite

Bear Lake Occurance:
Monmouth Township
Apatite, biolitite, calcite, hornblende, titanite.

Beryl Pit:
Lyndoch Township
Beryl, peristerite, amazonite, smoky quartz, cleavelandite, tourmaline.

Listed below are mines that were in operation during the 1900's, these mines are listed for historical purpose and reside on private land or status whether they are opened to the public is not available.

Cardiff Township:

Cardif Mine:
Deer Lake Apatite:
Owyer Mine:
Richardson Mine:

Monteagle Township:

McCormack Mine:
Watson Mine:
Cairnes Mine:
Woodcox Mine:
Thompson Mine:
Genesee Mine No. 2:
Graphite Mine:
Quirk Lake:

Mayo Township

Rankin Mine:


The village was named after Marmora Township, which is itself named for the Latin word for marble. Marble is common in the area and a giant marble rock stood on nearby Crowe Lake.

The rich history of Marmora Township is the story of mining in Eastern Ontario. Since 1820 this Township has played a leading role in the development of iron mining. In addition, copper, lead, silver, gold and lithographic limestone have been extracted.

Iron mining was an important industry in the area during the 19th century. The village was originally named Marmora Iron Works. Gold and silver were also mined at nearby Cordova Mines, now a ghost town. A nearby plant processes talc and dolomite.

Marmora was separated from Marmora and Lake Township and incorporated as a village in 1901.

On April 14, 1821, the government passed an act setting up Marmora Township and attaching it to Hastings County as per Charles Hayes’ request to do so in 1820. The new Township took its name from the Latin word for 'marble' because of an ‘immense rock of most delicate white marble’. This giant rock stood on the southeast corner of Crowe Lake. The Lake took its name from the Crowe Indians that lived along the shore.

Marmora Township was opened for sale in 1821, but there was little settlement outside of the newly created mining village. Although mining and lumbering have been vital to the Township, agriculture has probably supported more people in the area since 1850. A remaining legacy of iron mining is the Marmora Open Pit Mine, a man-made wonder-lake, seventy five acres in area, six hundred and thirty five feet deep, filled with four hundred feet deep of clear blue spring water that is steadily rising to the top.

Marmora was re-amalgamated with the surrounding townships of Marmora and Lake in 2001 to form a newly expanded Municipality of Marmora and Lake.

It became famous in the late 1980s because of an alleged apparition of the Virgin Mary.

[edit] Local attractions and events
Attractions include the Marmora Mine, an abandoned open-pit iron ore mine containing a wealth of minerals, including garnet and pyrite. This location is also a host to a variety of wildlife. The mine itself is filled with several-hundred feet of water. The water originates from an underground spring which was exposed during mining operations

Canada Talc

Talc was first discovered on a farm at Madoc in the 1880s. The Henderson Talc Mine came into production in 1896. The Conley Mine opened in 1911 on an adjacent property which contained a northeast extension of the Henderson orebody. These mines went through various owners until 1937 when the Henderson & Conley mines were merged under the name of Canada Talc Limited. In 1951, Canada Talc was purchased by Canada Talc Industries Limited. To date, more than 800,000 tons of high grade talc have been mined from the deposit.

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updated Mines Map to 32 now but when I post link it only shows the first few I did  ^#! grrr

Map Maker: Mines width="500px" height="400px" id="map" frameborder="0">
owell so much for that idea as it does not post updated map, Not that good with computers but when it comes to sports well different story.... my 2 baseball plays paid off a nice 260 today.


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